Campanario is municipality of around 4,850 people located along the banks of the río Guadiana. The first traces of human settlement in the area date 3000 BCE and then began more rapid urbanization with the arrival of the Romans before it disappeared only to re-appear in the late Moorish – Reconquista period. The town has buildings in a number of different styles include Renaissance, Baroque and Folk.
Vicenta García Miranda is a Spanish Sapphic poet inspired by the work of Carolina Coronado. Her work had feminist overtones, and examined topics like women’s submission to men, escaping reality and the need to seek new horizons. Many of her poems had homoerotic overtones, and belong to the Hermandad lírica along with the works of Encarnación Calero de los Ríos, Robustiana Armiño and Amalia Fenollosa. These women did not view lesbianism as subverting the social order but instead as a natural extension of women supporting women.
García was born in Campanario in 1816. Growing up without a mother and a bedridden father, she moved with her family into the home of her paternal uncle when she was an 11-year-old. Prior to that, she had learned to read, write and gained an appreciation of classical literature. Life in her uncle’s house made that difficult to continue. In 1833 at the age of 17, she married and nine years later had a son who died when he was eleven months old. About a year later, her husband died. Two years later, in 1845, she began to write her own poetry after reading the works of Carolina Coronado. She soon had her work published and befriended other poets in Badajoz, including Amalia Fenollosa, Manuela Cambronero and Rogelia León. She also became a regular participant in the Liceo de Badajoz alongside María Cabezudo and Carolina Coronado. She continued to write for many years and continued to organize writing groups, including ones in Campanario. She died in Campanario in 1877.
Calle de Poetisa Vicenta García Miranda is a street named after Vicenta García Miranda, a Romantic period Sapphic poet whose work had homoerotic overtones. She was born in the town.
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