Zalamea de la Serena is a municipality of around 3,500 people. The town was likely founded around 300 CE with the name of Iulipa, with its importance declining during the Visigoth and Hispano-Muslim period. It did not regain its early importance again until the fifteenth century, when the first Castilian grammar book was published by Elio Antonio de Nebrija.
Zalamea de la Serena played host to a traveling exhibition in the early 2020s titled, “Stories of Resistance” organized by Fundación Triángulo Extremadura in collaboration with the Agencia Extremeña de Cooperación Internacional para el Desarrollo (AEXCID). The exhibit told the stories of LGBTI people in Extremadura and the surrounding provinces fleeing persecution of homosexuality. One of the stories featured was that of a lesbian who fled El Salvador after her sexual orientation led to persecution in her local barrio near the capital.
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