Alcalá de Henares

Alcalá de Henares is a town located 35 kilometers northeast of Madrid, and was settled in the Roman period on the right banks of a river. The current city has a population of around 194,000, making it the third largest in the region.

History

During the Franco period, the town was home to one of the largest women’s prisons in Spain. Unlike men, and especially gay men, women whose sexuality was suspect were never charged as political prisoners; instead, they were charged for offenses like prostitution. Among the women imprisoned there was Luisa Isabel Álvarez de Toledo y Maura.

In 2013, women without male partners, namely lesbians and single women, faced the most barriers in trying to access reproductive assistance in Madrid, Asturias and Andalucía.

2019 saw a decrease of LGBT hate crimes, down 24 from the previous year. While 248 of the 321 reported incidents took place in Madrid capital, the city recorded 15 cases, the second most in the region. 19.4% of the victims across the whole of the region were lesbians, the second largest group behind gay men at 68.1%.

See

Calle Rosa Chacel is a street located in the town. It is named after the writer Rosa Chacel, who was born in Valladolid on 3 June 1898. A member of the Generación del 27, she would write her autobiography Acrópolis which discussed being a lesbian in Spain in the 1920s.

Calle Carmen Conde is a street in the town named after Carmen Conde, a poet, dramatist, essayist, Spanish teacher and a member of the generación del 27. Born on 15 August 1907 in Cartagena, she was also a member of the Círculo Sáfico de Madrid, and met her partner Amanda Junquera during the Civil War and was with her until Junquera’s death in 1987.

Calle de Gloria Fuertes is a street in the city named in honor of Gloria Fuertes. Fuertes was a poet and member of the Generación del 50, the first post-war generation of Spanish writers. She was a lesbian and feminist, and an important one in Francoist Spain at a time when the regime demanded conformity to strict ideological gender roles.

Centro Deportivo Wanda Alcalá de Henares, located at Av. Gustavo Adolfo Bécquer, 1, is the home grounds for Club Atlético de Madrid Femenino. For particularly important matches, a few games have been played at the club’s main stadium, Estadio Wanda Metropolitano, located at Avenida de Luis Aragonés, 4. The club was founded in 1989 as Atlético Villa de Madrid, playing in Liga Nacional de Fútbol. The team was dissolved in 1992, but in 2001 members of the original club met with the leaders at Club Atlético de Madrid and they agreed to integrate the remnants of the original team into the club as their women’s team. They were spurred to act following the dissolution of Coslada CF Femenino. They played their first season in 2001-2002, and formally became part of the organization at the end of the season, starting in the last professional category of women’s football. The team quickly moved up the ranks to become one of the best teams in Europe. Among the lesbians who played for the team were Lola Gallardo and María Pilar León Cebrián.