The Inquisition in Madrid did not formally get underway until 1650. Prior to that, most of the activity of the Inquisition took place in Convento de Nuestra Señora de Atocha. The convent, located at Calle Julián Gayarre, 1, was created by P. Juan Hurtado de Mendoza with permission from Emperador Carlos V at the site of the the old Ermita de Atocha, with the site quickly taken over by the order of Dominican nuns. In 1560, the Inquisition in Madrid, mostly based unofficially at the convent at the time, found women could not be found guilty of sodomy unless an object was used for penetration, even in cases where women were found in bed together fondling each other.
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