Universidad (Malasaña)

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Calle de San Vicente Ferrer, 33-31, is where Rosa Chacel lived in Madrid when she was a child. A memorial plaque is on the building saying, “En esta casa vivió de 1908 a 1911 la escritora Rosa Chacel y aquí ambientó su novela “Barrio de Maravillas.”

Escuela Normal de Maestras de Madrid is an institution that was created in 1839 with a purpose of training schoolteachers, and was located at Calle de San Bernardo, 80. María Martínez Sierra attended the school during the 1890s. Painter Victorina Durán Cebrian taught at the school for a few years. According to her autobiography, lesbian activity existed at the school. Carmen de Burgos taught there from 1905 to 1907, and again in 1909 to 1911. There is nothing at the current location to indicate the school used to be there. The school library moved to Valencia during the Civil War, and then returned following the war to a series of flats on Calle de los Madrazo. The school moved again in 1950 to Ronda de Toledo, 3, and then moved to Calle de la Santísima Trinidad, 37, in 1960 when it merged with the Escuela Normal de Maestras. In 1995, it was absorbed into the Faculty of Education at Universidad Complutense de Madrid.

The police station at Calle de la Luna, 17 is where Arantxa Serrano and Esther Olassolo were taken after being arrest on 23 February 1986 for kissing in front of Casa de Correos. It was here the women were subjected to a vaginal search.

COGAM, located at Calle de la Puebla, 9, is the major LGBTQI+ organization in Madrid, and represents institutional LGBT activism in the city. The group came out of Coordinadora de Frentes de Liberación Homosexual del Estado Español. COGAM was the largest homosexual rights organization in Madrid in the late 1980s, having been founded in following a meeting of Coordinadora de Frentes de Liberación Homosexual del Estado Español (COFLHEE) in 1985, and a later meeting in Chueca in early 1986.  Mili Hernandez Garcia was the first lesbian to join the preceding organization, doing so in 1986. The group strived more towards moderation, and away from radical liberation philosophies characterized by a number of other homosexual rights activist groups in Madrid at the time. By the early 1990s, COGAM took over management of Orgullo Madrid, the city’s pride event. While lesbians were members, they were largely relegated to the background. Two problems emerged for COGAM in the very early 1990s. The first was that a number of their members wanted to engage more fully with liberation politics.  The second was that institutionally, COGAM appeared unable and unwilling to act to combat the AIDS epidemic and its impact on gay men in the city. COGAM split with COFLHEE in 1991 over the liberation politics issue. It was for the AIDS reason though that Las Radical Gai (LGR) also split from the organization in 1991. At the same time, COGAM then began to organize nationally, working on institutional political goals for gays and lesbians. COGAM had its second split in 1996, in the waning days of the González government. In 1998, COGAM began advocating for same-sex marriage and same-sex couple adoption. In 2000, Navarre became the first region to allow lesbians and gays to adopt. The law passed despite opposition from Navarrese People’s Union (UPN). COGAM spokesperson Beatriz Gimeno said of the passage of the law, “It is a great step forward because it breaks with the last social taboo that exists towards homosexuals.” COGAM was the organization in Madrid for lesbians to seek help from if they had AIDS or HIV in the 2010s. In 2021, lesbian feminists and radical feminists sprayed graffiti on their offices, accusing them of misogyny and homophobia.

COGAM was the organization in Madrid for lesbians to seek help from if they had AIDS or HIV in the 2010s. COGAM’s website in 2010 featured their lesbian section, but it made no mention of women’s sexual health. Their HIV page referenced that they held two workshops a year on sexual health for lesbians and bisexual women, and also contained a brochure about lesbian sexual health.  By 2012, their website no longer offered these workshops and instead offered a number of workshops aimed at transwomen and male sex workers.  These services were also not offered by the lesbian group inside COGAM on their website.  The situation from 2012 was repeated in 2014, with the only image of a woman appearing on the page being a single generic form as one of many in the rainbow.  There was however imagery of nearly nude men. 2016 was the same as 2014 but with an image high heels encouraging transwomen and male sex workers to get tested. Sexual health was mentioned only once on the lesbian page and that was as an interest for which they provided no additional information.  Their NEXUS group on HIV and AIDS also made no mention of lesbian or bisexual women sexual health needs. 2018 had no improvement on COGAM’s website when it came to information about and services offered to lesbians and bisexual women on their sexual health.

Nueve Norte is a performing theater arts center located at Calle del Norte, 9. The lesbian play La Cena by Eli Navarro was performed at the theater as part of the 2016 Madrid Pride festivities. It had previously appeared at pride in 2013.Sección de Enjuiciamiento is located inside Tribunal de Cuentas at Calle de Fuencarral, 81. The Tribunal is the highest auditing body in Spain for public and political party accounts. It was created on 2 July 1437, and reformed in its current status on 10 November 1828. The Sección de Enjuiciamiento is the prosecuting office, intervening when the courts determine action, including criminal prosecution, needs to be taken. Among the lesbians to work there was Marta María Higueras Garrobo, with the future Deputy Mayor of Madrid serving there before she appeared on the list for Más Madrid.

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