A history of lesbians in La Rioja, Spain
La Rioja is the smallest region in Spain by population, with only the autonomous cities of Ceuta and Melilla having fewer residents; La Rioja has around 316,000 people compared to Ceuta and Mellila with around 84,000 each and the next smallest region of Cantabria with a population of around 584,000. The small population, the relatively…
The Spanish Restoration (1874 – 1931)
The early and mid-Spanish Restoration period largely saw references to homosexuality, both male and female, disappear from public discourse. Homosexuals as a rule were very closeted, using coded language both on the streets and in writing to refer to their romantic and sexual desires.
Nineteenth century Spain (1810 – 1874)
As Spain left the Enlightenment period and proceeded into the nineteenth century, a change in cultural attitudes around homosexuality began to take place because of advances in science, philosophy and politics; this resulting in people more generally beginning to advocate for increased human rights across the whole of Spanish society. Despite this, women were often…